The questions everyone asks about pirates and privateers
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Question of Smash64 (06.30.2015): In the pirate crew did the captain have a second officer, someone who was
almost as respected as the captain? A:
Regarding the second officer, yes, there is one. The main body trades in the vessels:
The Master: The captain could not do anything that the master approved [approved ? Or should it be …that the master didn’t approve ?]. He spoke on behalf of the crew and ensured its interests. He was like the ship magistrate. This is the second officer and this answers your question :)
Officers: Sometimes they were elected but usually they were appointed by the captain and the master.
A Lieutenant: The only function was to replace the captain if he were to disappear.
The sail master was responsible for navigation and setting up the sails.
The boatswain (or bosco) oversaw the vessel. He ensured the maintenance of the vessel, hoists, supplies, and smooth running of daily work.
Gunner: oversaw the artillery, led gunnery exercises, and monitored servants’ parts during combat.
Carpenter: repaired the ship when needed. With the doctor they were called "artists".
Doctor: spent most of his time treating venereal diseases. During battles he dressed the wounds and practiced amputations. If there was no doctor, the carpenter filled the role ...